- Papua province's log shipment controls are not being implemented;
- Criminal traders bribe the military to act as security when buying logs to be shipped out of Papua;
- Forestry, customs and other officials in Makassar, including members of the security apparatus must be systematically bribed with $15,000 for each barge of logs arriving from Papua province.
Yet under Governor Suebu's leadership, no logs from Papua province are supposed to be shipped out of the province. So how are they getting there? Is this what all those payments to officials, police and military are about?
Well, the report also highlights that, despite no official change of policy announced by Governor Suebu, officials in Papua have, since June 2009, issued transport permits to other provinces for over 100,000 M3 of logs (Rogue Traders, page 5). The report also highlights how Papua's log shipment controls are not respected in the timber industry raw material usage-planning process, citing analysis of RPBBI documents that indicate substantial expected supplies of logs from Papua to other provinces outside of Papua since 2008, when the log controls were supposed to have come into effect.
So what is going on? Have officials in Papua given up on the log shipment ban altogether? Apparently not.
The report also reveals that while round logs are clearly being shipped out of PT Mamberamo Alasmandiri - with military and official support having been purchased - they are not doing so within the law. EIA/Telapak cite a major log seizure by police in June 2010 at the logging concession of PT Mamberamo Alasmandiri's business partner, PT Sinar Wijaya Plywood Industry, in Yapen, Papua. This clearly indicates that logs that were getting out of the region to Hengky Gosal's and other mills, are not doing so within the terms of the law. Papua Forest Eye has since discovered that even Governor Suebu's spokesperson, Matthias Rafra, called for an investigation into PT Mamberamo Alasmandiri - indicating that the Governor is not impressed.
But wait a minute!
PT Mamberamo Alasmandiri, Indonesia's biggest logging concession, is certified as "Verified Legal Origin" by SGS, a company who's motto is "When You Need to BE Sure" - so how can there be criminal activity in the area? A good question indeed, and one that SGS will need to look at.
SGS is an international auditing company which runs forestry monitoring services under its TLTV (Timber Legality and Traceability Verification) program. SGS also has the contract to audit log exports from Papua New Guinea, where the government - unlike in Indonesia or Papua province - is still happy to ship its natural resource wealth to Chinese factories rather than use it to build the economy and employment base in PNG. SGS clearly likes getting contracts for rubber-stamping logs exports from New Guinea, the world's third most significant remaining forest area.